Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Ivashin V.A.

State Research Center — Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Leading Researcher, Candidate of Medical Sciences

The modified assessment technique of the condition of lungs at the experimental animals at extreme exposures

Summary:

Purpose: to develop a modified method of measuring a set of biophysical indices of the lungs elaborated, which allows to assess the extent of their lesions from mild, moderate to severe. This technique allows for a short time to conduct a rapid assessment of the lungs of a large number of experimental animals of different species under varying extreme influences for the subsequent extrapolation of these data to humans. Material and Methods. The study was conducted using Chinchilla rabbits weighing 2.5-3.0 kg, and sheep weighing 25-35 kg. Lung mass and volume were defined, and values of biophysical indices were calculated: specific density of air-filled and collapsed lungs; their ratio — ALPHA index; residual volume. Results. The values of main lung biophysical indices of experimental animals in norm were received. The scale of lung condition estimate and degree of injury of experimental animals as compared with the control group was developed. Conclusion. The given technique of rapid estimate of the lung condition according to biophysical indices allows to give a rapid and objective assessment of significant lung injuries in experimental animals. Easy realization and availability of necessary equipment enable to use this technique in the studies of experimental lung pathology.

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Experimental verification of the imposing principle for maximum permissible levels of multicolor laser radiation

Summary:

Aims. The study presents the results of experimental research to verify the principle overlay for maximum permissible levels (MPL) of multicolor laser radiation single exposure on eyes. This principle of the independence of the effects of radiation with each wavelength (the imposing principle), was founded and generalized to a wide range of exposure conditions. Experimental verification of this approach in relation to the impact of laser radiation on tissue fundus of an eye, as shows the analysis of the literature was not carried out. Material and methods. Was used in the experimental laser generating radiation with wavelengths: Л1 =0,532 microns, A2=0,556to 0,562 microns and A3=0,619to 0,621 urn. Experiments were carried out on eyes of rabbits with evenly pigmented eye bottom. Results. At comparison of results of processing of the experimental data with the calculated data it is shown that these levels are close by their parameters. Conclusions. For the first time in the Russian Federation had been performed experimental studies on the validity of multi-colored laser radiation on the organ of vision. In view of the objective coincidence of the experimental data with the calculated data, we can conclude that the mathematical formulas work.

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