Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Kapitonova N.V.

State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnazyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency, scientific researcher

Risk of cataract in the context of acute and chronic exposure

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 678-684
Heading: radiation medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Tukov A.R., Shafransky I.L., Kapitonova N.V., Prokhorova O.N., Samoilov A.S.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Purpose: estimation of the risk of cataract using doses of different types of radiation. Material and methods. The study is carried out using the information database of the NP, recovery workers of the accident at the Chernobyl NP. Professional exposure and dose received during 30 km zone were used to calculate the risk. Results. The study shows the use of one of their parts of the total radiation dose of man, leads to obtaining of different levels of the risk of disease. Conclusion. Only use of a total radiation dose can lead to obtaining of the correct results of evaluating the risk of the emergence of the radiation- induced diseases.

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Proposals on harmonization of the list of the diseases connected with radiation effects as the result of the accident on the CNPP

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №4 Pages: 651-654
Heading: radiation medicine Article type: Author's opinion
Authors: Bushmanov A.Yu., Biryukov А.Р., Korovkina Е.Р., Kretov A.S., Kapitonova N.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The lists of the diseases connected with radiation effects existing now at the level not only Russia and Belarus, but also at the Union State in general can be enhanced using cumulative scientific data. There are possible variants, as exceptions in the list of separate nosologies, reasons of which are rather caused not by radiation factors, and as introduction of diseases which radiation nature is confirmed by long-term researches. The conducted researches showed that creation of the single list of diseases within the Union State is a really question solving of which will demand not only significant scientific researches, but also serious legislative initiatives.

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Preferance of computer technology for analytical support of large database of medical information systems

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 983-987
Heading: Health Service Organization Article type: Original article
Authors: Biryukov А.P., Vasiliev E.V., Dumansky S.М., Tikhonova О.A., Gert Ju.A., Kapitonova N.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Aim: to study the use of intelligent technologies for analytical support of large databases of medical information systems. Material and methods. We used the techniques of object-oriented software design and database design. Results. Based on expert review of models and algorithms for analysis of clinical and epidemiological data and principles of knowledge representation in large-scale health information systems, data mining schema were implemented in the software package of the register of Research Center n.a. A. I. Burnazyan of Russia. Identified areas for effective implementation of abstract data model of EAV and procedures Data Maning for the design of database of biomedical registers. Conclusions. Using intelligent software platform that supports different sets of APIs and object models for different operations in different software environments, allows you to build and maintain an information system through the procedures of data biomedical processing.

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Using of bathtubs on the basis of biologically active agents of a phytogenesis for increase of reserve opportunities at the persons who actively takes sports

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 906-909
Heading: rehabilitative medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Kotenko K.V., Korchazhkina N.B., Ivanova I.I.., Petrova M.S., Mihailova A.A., Kapitonova N.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

Recently considerable interest to application in the medical purposes of the preparations based on vegetable raw materials in connection with their low toxicity and considerable therapeutic efficiency has been increased. The research aimed studying of an influence of chestnut bathtubs on a physical state, functional cardiovascular reserves, vegetative nervous systems, a condition of a psycho-emotional background at the persons who are actively playing sports. Material and Methods. Examination of 30 almost healthy students actively (professionally) playing sports was conducted. Results. Application of chestnut bathtubs promoted increase of functional reserves of vegetative nervous system and, therefore, functional reserves of cardiovascular system. Decrease in level of uneasiness and increase of emotional stability and tolerance to a stress was noted. Conclusion. Thus follows that use of chestnut bathtubs promotes increase of level of a physical state and functional reserves of cardiovascular system and vegetative nervous system, and also conducts to improvement of a psycho-emotional condition of the persons who are actively playing sports.

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The comparative analysis of traumas and poisonings incidence and mortality rates from them at workers and men-employees, workers of the nuclear industry, participants in the rectification of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electri

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 850-853
Heading: Military medicine and disaster medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Birukov A.P., Tukov A.R., Kleeva N.A., Kapitonova N.V.
Organization: State Scientific Research Center n.a. A.I. Burnasyan — Federal Medical Biophysical Center of Federal Medical Biological Agency
Summary:

The study aims the estimation of incidence of traumas and poisonings, and mortality from them at workers of the Russian nuclear industry, participants in the rectification of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station, in view of their social structure. Material and methods. Carrying out this research, we used the information base of the Register of the persons exposed by radiation after the Chernobyl accident. There had been registered as of January, 1, 1998: liquidators of 1986-1987 years — 12882 people (men — 84,3%), liquidators of 1988-1990 years —2313 people (men — 88,3%). There had been presented parameters of case rate and mortality of men, separately workers and employees of the given cohort. Results. Lower level of traumas and poisonings incidence at employees had been revealed (2-2,4 times lower), than at the workers, the mortality of traumas and poisonings at employees were also 1,1-2,9 times lower (on the average — in 2,0 times) is revealed. The alcoholism essentially raises a traumatism at liquidators. The traumatism above at the liquidators, suffering a chronic alcoholism, in 1,9-3,3 times. The distinctions in coefficients of the mortality from traumas and poisonings and the incidence by them for age groups of the men-liquidators were revealed. Conclusion. The essential difference in parameters of men-liquidators' health, workers of the nuclear industry, and workers shows that a social factor renders significant influence on health of a studied contingent of persons. Age features in many respects define value of parameters of incidence of traumas and poisonings and death rates from them a studied contingent. In radiation epidemiological researches it is necessary to consider biological and social factors necessarily.

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