Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

hysteromyoma

Lowinvasive technologies and hemostasis system at a hysteromyoma

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №3 Pages: 587-592
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Rogozhina I.E., Khvorostukhina N.F.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Research objective. Study of condition of hemostasis system at patients with hysteromyoma complicated by bleeding; comparative estimation of hemostasis indicators at patients with uterine arteries embolization (the basic group n=48) and abdominal hysterectomy (comparison group n=65). Materials and methods. Complex study of the basic hemogram parameters and hemostasis at 162 patients with hysteromyoma and 30 patients without marked genital pathology (the II control group) was carried out. 48 patients formed the main group which was subjected to uterine arteries embolization for bleeding break; 65 patients (the comparative group) were surgically operated upon abdominal hysterectomy; 49 patients with hysteromyoma had no bleedings and formed the control group. Research of hemostasis system was carried out by means of test-tube method, and also by plotting set for express-diagnostics, analysis of thrombocyte unit of hemostasis system was realized with 2-channel analyzer of thrombocyte aggregation «Biola» — LA 230. Results. Presented analysis of hemostasiogram parameters allows to state development of chronic DIC-syndrome in women with hysteromyoma. Reliable shortening of coagulation index, decrease of thrombocyte aggregation function in comparison to the control group data were revealed. Conclusion. Development of hyper coagulation with increase of paracoagulative products with simultaneous activation of fibrinolysis processes in all the patients with hysteromyoma was revealed. Minimal effect of embolization of uterine arteries to hemostasis system in patients with hysteromyoma was marked. And they were intensified after surgical treatment, which is the evidence of definite advantages of this method unlike of hysterectomy

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Delivery in patients with hysteromyoma

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №2 Pages: 401-403
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Original article
Authors: Khripunova G. I., Gurianiova N. S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective of the present article is to define optimal tactics and volume of surgical intervention in patients with hysteromyoma during labor process. Evaluation of possibilities and prospects of conservative methods of myomectomy have been determined. 1000 case histories dated 2009 were analyzed. Patients aged from 22 to 43 were under study. During the research it was revealed that hysteromyoma was mostly prevailed in women aged 30 and older (75%). 5% of them were primipara, 44% — bipara. 57% of pregnant patients were delivered by means of cesarean method. Widening of surgical intervention required 29% of 100 observed patients. Conservative myomectomy was conducted for 27 patients (87%), supracervical hysterectomy — for 2 women (6,4%). Natural delivery by vaginal route was marked in 43% of pregnant women with hysteromyoma; it was not a problem for birth and was first diagnosed in the early postnatal period by means of ultrasonic diagnostics. During analysis of the received data attention should be paid to expediency and promising of delivery of patients by means of cesarean method with following conservative myomectomy; it promotes to preserve childbearing function, their quality of life and consequently improves the demographic situation

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Modern review of pathogenesis of urgent uterine bleedings in obstetrical and gynecological practice

Year: 2011, volume 7 Issue: №1 Pages: 059-065
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Review
Authors: Rogozhina I.E.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The article presents modern data concerning mechanisms of uterine bleedings in undeveloped pregnancy, hystero-myoma, and cervical carcinoma. Hemostasis system malfunctions appeared in case of dead foetus in uterus have been considered in the work. They are manifested by consumption coagulopathy and haemorrhagic complications. Uterine bleedings in case of hysteromyoma are caused by dilation of arterial vessels and deprivation of their contractile function and malfunction myometrium contraction. Complications that occur in oncological uterine bleedings arrest have been described. They are caused by individual uterine blood supply and developed network of collateral anastomoses between branches of internal iliac arteries

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CONTEMPORARY APPROACH TO TREATMENT OF GYNECOLOGIC DISEASES

Year: 2008, volume 4 Issue: №3 Pages: 42-43
Heading: Obstetrics and Gynecology Article type: Short message
Authors: I.A. Salov, V.A. Ziganshina, M.S. Shekhter, A.V. Sladkov, N.A. Chunikhina, Yu.M. Kossovich
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The analysis of surgical treatment results of 42 patients with hysteromyoma without prolapsed genitals, operated by means of laparoscopic transvaginal supracervical hysterectomy, was conducted. Advantages of this operative treatment in comparison with classical laparotomic and endoscopic operations were noted. Curative effect of embolization of uterine arteries on hysteromyoma was analyzed on example of 30 patients-women. The advantage of roentgenoendovascular hemostasis was proved in 22 patients with neglected forms of cervical carcinoma.

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