Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Therapeutic exercise, sports medicine

Frequency of occurrence of chronic diseases among former athletes depending on gender

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 691-694
Heading: Therapeutic exercise, sports medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Fedotova I.V., Statsenko М.Е., Bakulin V.S., Sentyabrev N.N.
Organization: Volgograd State Academy of Physical Education, Volgograd State Medical University
Summary:

The aim of the article is to study the analysis of the frequency of occurrence of chronic diseases among former athletes depending on gender — specific. Material and Methods. 80 former athletes who finished sports activity no more than 5 years ago (this period is adopted for the early post-sports period) at the age of 20-35 were examined. The analysis of medical records, inspection and consulting expertise required to verify the diagnosis. Results. Statistically significantly higher level of disease is defined among former male athletes in comparison with the women who have stopped regular training and competitions. Conclusions. The determined incidence of chronic disease in former athletes might be substantiated by the absence of proper medical care to former athletes immediately after the cessation of active training and competitions.

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Rehabilitation of patients with cerebral palsy using simulators

Summary:

The Objective is to develop new simulators available that increase the effectiveness in therapy in patients with cerebral palsy. The inspection and rehabilitation of 70 patients with Children Cerebral Paralysis in spastic form have been carried out. Objects and methods. In basic group (35 children) complex treatment has been improved by the trainings with help of authors. Results. The results of therapy by such categories as contact, movement, self-service, playing activity have been more evident in the group where training complexes have been used. Conclusion. It has been proved that therapeutic and rehabilitation strategies for disabled children should be developed.

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Optimization technique of the stay of person in the middle-altitude conditions

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 684-686
Heading: Therapeutic exercise, sports medicine Article type: Original article
Authors: Borisenko О.V., Khramov V.V., Shpitalnaya V.P., Tolstokorov S.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The objective: In order to improve exercise capacity in the middle-altitude conditions a technique of urgent adaptation with use of the compact device has been developed. Material and Methods. The study included two groups of people involved in mountain tourism, on the move and stay in the midlands, which used (experimental group) and didn't use (control group) the developed technique. Considering the specificity of observations directly on the mountain route, the compact equipment and functional studies (pulse oximetry, spirometry, peak flow, the dynamic measurement of pulse and blood pressure with the calculation of double product index) were used to monitor the experiment. Results. During the experiment changes of the data characterizing positive development of the functioning of human cardiore-spiratory system during the physical activities in the conditions of middle mountains were recorded (peak expiratory flow rate (from 512,86 to 592,86 I / min, t = 2,25, or by 115,6% in the experimental group) and double product index (from 95,66 to 127,09 units., t = 2,41, or by 132,9% in the experimental group). Conclusion. Thus, the offered device and its technique compose an effective scheme of preliminary preparation of cardiorespiratory system to stay in the middle-altitude condition and can be recommended for use in need short-term adaptation.

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