Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Polkovova I.A.

Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky, Department of Preparedness Activity in Public Health and Disaster Medicine, Senior Lecturer, Candidat of Medical Science

Morphometrical variability of dental alveoli of mandible in adults

Year: 2016, volume 12 Issue: №2 Pages: 110-112
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yu., Rossoshansky D.N., Polkovova I.A., Bikbaeva T.S.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the morphometrical variability of dental alveoli bilaterally, depending on their position in the alveolar part of the mandible. Material and Methods. The object of the study is to certify 70 cranions with mandibles of middle-aged adults (21-60 years) and 30 isolated mandibles without gender-and age-related characteristics. The objects of the study were taken from scientific cranial fundamental museum collection of the Department of Human Anatomy. For the scientific research Craniometry method was used according to generally accepted craniology process parameters. Dental alveoli on both sides of the mandible were studied. Results. It was established that longitudinal diameter prevails at tooth alveoli of a canine, the first and second premolars, cross diameter on the same side of a jaw at the left — at alveoli of a medial incisor and the first premolar in comparison with its right side. At dental alveoli the left-sided depth is larger of the first molar, of the second molar — the right-sided is larger. Longitudinally cross diameter in the direction from alveoli of front teeth to back ones increases at each subsequent alveolus, since the minimum size at incisors and reaching the maximum size at alveoli of the first and second molars. The largest depth of tooth alveoli is determined at a canine, the first and second premolars. Conclusion. Results of the research of bilateral and individual variability of parameters of tooth cells may be used in practical stomatology.

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Stereotopometric characteristics of typical variability of angular parameters of cerebral skull and their connection with basilar angle

Year: 2014, volume 10 Issue: №2 Pages: 233-235
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina O.Yul, Zagorovskaya Т.М, Polkovova I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

The purpose of the article is to reveal stereotopometric characteristics of typical variability of angular parameters of cerebral skull and their connection with basilar angle. Material and methods.: Stereotopometric research of 100 skulls of adults aged 22-60 years was performed by means of craniostereobasiometer. Stereotopometric method was used to study the coordinates of craniometric points to three perpendicular planes, which have allowed determining size of a basilar angle and angular parameters of the cerebral skull. Resu/fs.Craniotypes by means of size of a basilar angle — flexi-, medio- and platibasilar types of skull base have been established. Comparative analysis of statistics of creniometric points and angular parameters of a cerebral skull at basilar craniotypes has been carried out. Conclusion. It is established that stereotopometric variability of cerebral skull angles, different direction and the degree of their connection with basilar angle depend on the skull base type.

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Relation of linear parameters of anterior cranial fossa with dimensional characteristics of facial part of the skull in different craniotypes

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 621-623
Heading: Macro- and Micromorphology Article type: Original article
Authors: Aleshkina О.Yu., Hurchak Yu.A., Polkovova I.A.
Organization: Saratov State Medical University
Summary:

Objective: to determine the relation of linear parameters of the anterior cranial fossa with dimensional facial characteristics of the human skull in various craniotypes. Research Material: 100 adult skulls divided into three craniotypes have been used. Methods. Craniotopometry has been used for the measurement of the average values and the correlation model construction. Results. It has been revealed that the most significant correlation has been observed in the parameters of fleksibasilar craniotypes, in medio- and platybasilar craniotypes the multidirectional dependence of the studied parameters has been characterized as of moderate and mild degree. Conclusion. Results of research are necessary theoretical base for possible use by clinical physicians in elaboration of tactics of stereotaksichesky approach to tumoral or other pathological processes in the field of front and brain departments of a skull.

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