Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Factors influencing the level of physical development of premature newborns

Year: 2013, volume 9 Issue: №4 Pages: 714-719
Heading: Pediatrics Article type: Original article
Authors: Vostrikova G.V., Ippolitova L.I., Pochatkov V.A., Popova I.N.
Organization: Voronezh Regional Children’s Hospital №1, Voronezh State Medical Academy

Purpose: to assess the factors having impact on physical development of prematurely born children at birth. Materials and Methods. 1099 case histories of newborns, the exchanged cards of pregnant women, birth case histories of women who gave birth in gestational age from 22 to 37 weeks. Results. It has been shown that there are significant indices effecting premature birth affect: chronic inflammatory diseases of the oropharynx, gastrointestinal tract, diabetes, thyroid disease, pathology of vision, infectious diseases, skin diseases; sexually transmitted infections, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, cervical erosion, genital infantilism; preeclampsia of the first and second half of pregnancy, chronic fetoplacental insufficiency, anemia, inflammatory diseases during pregnancy, acute respiratory viral infections, obesity, gestational diabetes and pyelonephritis; prenatal pouring out of amniotic fluid, umbilical cord pathology, cho-rioamnionitis. Defined correlation between weight and height indicators of premature infants at birth and groups of medicines that women have during their pregnancy. Conclusions. Identification of factors affecting the level of physical development of premature children is important in determination of women with a higher probability of birth of children with intrauterine development and for assessing the further development of these children.

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