Saratov JOURNAL of Medical and Scientific Research

Peculiarities of cognitive functions in urban children with mental retardation in relation to the chemical elements content in a hair

Year: 2012, volume 8 Issue: №2 Pages: 428-432
Heading: Neurology Article type: Original article
Authors: Zalata O.A., Yevstafyeva E.V.
Organization: Crimean State Medical University n.a. S.I.Georgiyev

In 30 children in the age of 12,8±0,3 with mental retardation and 30 healthy children of the same age an element balance of organism and state of cognitive functions were related. The content of elements (Ca, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Sr, Pb) in the hair was determined by a method of X-ray fuorescent spectroscopy. The content of Ca, Ni and Mn in 55 % of children and the defciency of Fe in 21 % of children with mental retardation were established. The defciency of Ca, Fe and Mn of healthy children was displayed. The value of Sr and Pb in organism in children of booth group was normal. The content of Mo in hair in 40 % of children with mental retardation and in 30 % of children of a check-group were established. The relationship between the content of chemical elements in organisms and state of cognitive functions was analyzed by non-parametric analysis by Spearmen. The excess of Ni in organism of children with mental retardation and defciency of Fe in organism of children in booth groups negatively infuenced the characteristics of cognitive functions (0,34<r<0,54). The infuence on characteristics of cognitive functions of Mn was not reveled.

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